Tangential-flow full cone nozzles are, for instance, particularly suited for closedcircuit spraying of liquids with a high quota of solid matter, or for fire fighting applications. The atomizing fluid is tangentially supplied to a swirl chamber, where it is put into rotation.
Tangential-flow full cone nozzles are free of swirl inserts. Hence, they are not at all prone to clogging. The full cone spray is obtained with the aid of specially arranged grooves, milled into the nozzle bottom, which cause an adequate part of the rotating liquid flow to diverge to the center of the swirl chamber.
Thereby, an extremely uniform area distribution of the sprayed liquid is achieved.