Wet desulphurization

Purification of flue gas by lime suspension

For the wet desulphurisation of flue gas, it is passed through an absorber (scrubber). The lime suspension offered in the absorber (limestone or lime milk) reacts with the sulphur dioxide from the flue gas. The better the mass transfer, the more effective the desulphurisation is.

Simultaneously with the absorption, the flue gas is saturated with water vapour. The so-called "clean gas" is usually discharged via a wet chimney or cooling tower. The water thus lost for the process must be replaced. The lime slurry pumped in circulation is kept chemically active by repeatedly draining a saturated partial flow and replacing it with new reactive suspension. The drained part flow contains gypsum, which – simplified – is a reaction product of lime and sulphur and can be marketed after dewatering (e.g. for gypsum walls in the construction industry).

Wet desulphurization

Our solution

Special ceramic nozzles are used to inject the lime suspension into the absorber. These nozzles form many small droplets from the pumped suspension and thus a correspondingly large reaction surface for good mass transfer. The ceramic material permits long service life despite the fact that lime suspension with gypsum content has abrasive properties. In the design we attach great importance to free cross-sections, so that smaller impurities in the suspension cannot set the nozzles. For economical operation, these nozzles can be adapted to the highest efficiency range of the pump. A nozzle can be specified for (almost) every process engineering challenge. In addition to full-cone and hollow-cone nozzles in various spray angles and flow rates, the TwinAbsorb series with patented twist compensation is also available.

The absorption zone consists of several levels of nozzles and a horizontally installed droplet separator system, in order to return the fine droplets carried along in the gas stream to the process. With our high performance droplet separators you can increase the efficiency of your plant.

The solids in the suspension can lead to deposits, e.g. in the droplet separator, in the inlet duct or on pipes, which can lead to problems in operation. Since water is always withdrawn from the circuit through evaporation, water must be fed into the absorber, which can and should be used for cleaning. Lechler tongue nozzles have proven themselves for cleaning the flue gas inlet. Lechler full cone nozzles are usually used for cleaning the droplet separators.

Plastics (e.g. for pipelines) and rubber (e.g. gaskets, rubber linings, etc.) are often used in an absorber whose temperature resistance is lower than the temperature of the uncooled flue gas. Normally, the suspension pumped in a circuit cools the flue gas sufficiently, but if, for example, the feed pump is suspended, the plastics and rubbers could be destroyed. Small special-alloy metal nozzles have proven their worth here, which take over cooling during this time and thus protect the investment of the flue gas desulphurisation plant.

Corresponding products



Double full cone or hollow cone nozzle for wet flue gas desulphurisation

Lechler TwinAbsorb nozzles with their innovative technology ensure efficient flue gas purification and reliable SO2 separation.

Learn more Technical data (pdf, 6.16 MB)


Perfect for optimizing existing scrubbers

The further development of the TwinAbsorb produces additional jet collisions with four overlapping spray cones and thus a more active reaction surface.

Learn more Technical data (pdf, 6.16 MB)
Lechler Tropfenabscheidersysteme

Lechler Droplet Separator Systems

Modular, compact, combinable and efficient.

The different Lechler Droplet Separator Systems can be combined with each other, depending on individual requirements in relation to efficiency and space.

Learn more Technical data (pdf, 5.22 MB)

Professional reports

Flue gas cleaning – Modernization and Process Optimization of Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization Absorbers
Flue gas cleaning – Modernization and Process Optimization of Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization AbsorbersFlue Gas Cleaning 2023, vgbe Workshop, Prague (Czech Republic)Thomas Schröder, Lechler GmbHRead now (pdf, 6 MB)
Wirkmechanismen von tangential angeströmten Sprühdüsen bei der Suspensionsausbringung
Wirkmechanismen von tangential angeströmten Sprühdüsen bei der Suspensionsausbringung10. VDI-Fachkonferenz REA-, SCR- und Entstaubungsanlagen in GroßkraftwerkenThomas SchröderRead now (pdf, 6 MB)
Spray technology is critical in helping a plant achieve optimal performance
Spray technology is critical in helping a plant achieve optimal performanceASME Power Conference 2009, Albuquerque (New Mexico), USARobert E. Van Durme, P.E.Read now (pdf, 450 KB)
Improving the FGD absorber and ESP performance at Iskenderun power plant
Improving the FGD absorber and ESP performance at Iskenderun power plantVGB PowerTechGürkan Atmaca, Werner Stratmann and Birgit WortmannRead now (pdf, 12 MB)

Contact Nozzles for FGD

Thomas SchroederKey Account ManagerPhone +49 (0)7123 962 315Fax +49 (0)7123 962 301thomas.schroeder(at)lechler.de

Contact Droplet Separators

Jan KargboPhone +49 (0)241 463751-51Fax +49 (0)2421 463751-68kargbojan(at)lechler.de

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